CBD Hemp flower buds

What is a CBD Hemp Flower?

A CBD hemp flower (or bud) is the flower of the industrial female hemp plant. When it reaches full bloom the flower secretes cannabinoids (CBD) and resin to attract the pollen from the male hemp plants to produce seeds. 

CBD & THC Ratios

The best CBD hemp flowers are from plants that have been bred to produce bigger buds with a high CBD (cannabidiol) to low THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) ratio. (At Scotch Valley Ranch we’re fans of the Cherry Wine CBD Hemp strain.)

The higher the ratio the better the hemp flowers are for CBD extraction for tinctures, oils, salves, edibles, pre-rolls, and vaping. The CBD hemp flower will not make you feel “high” since, by law, CBD hemp flowers must have less than .3% THC.

CBD hemp flowers may look similar to marijuana but they have less dense buds. In terms of how CBD flower is grown, the plants in the field are usually taller and slimmer than marijuana cousins. Marijuana-derived CBD plants have thicker, more lush foliage.

Since the 2018 Farm Bill, CBD hemp is legal for growing, transport, sale or purchase, possession, and use in the United States.

What are the Benefits of CBD Hemp Flower?

CBD hemp flowers have anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) properties that may help with mood and sleep problems.  The flower also has anti-inflammatory properties that may work to mitigate pain. In addition, the CBD hemp flower has potential neuroprotective properties that help preserve the neuronal structure and/or function.

If ingested the flower provides nutritional benefits since it contains protein, fatty acids, vitamins, and minerals. (Read more about the benefits of CBD Hemp Flower.)

How is the CBD Hemp Flower Used?


The CBD hemp flower can be ingested via tinctures (under the tongue) and edibles and liquids through the mouth into the stomach which eventually enters the cannabinoid system through the bloodstream.


Another way the CBD hemp flower enters the body is through the lungs via smokeables (pipes), vaping “juices” or hemp cigarettes (pre rolls).


CBD hemp flowers can also be combined with ointments or salves to place on the body. The use of CBD ointments is typically used to reduce pain and inflammation.

The fastest and most efficient way to absorb CBD is through the lungs since the lungs have a larger surface area for absorption. Once CBD passes quickly through the alveoli (tiny air sacs) in the lungs (since you are breathing continuously), it enters the bloodstream and travels throughout the body.


The most common method of taking CBD is in the mouth via food, liquids or tinctures. It is quick, easy, and convenient. Tinctures placed under the tongue, or sublingually, for 60 seconds send the CBD molecules directly into your bloodstream. When eaten CBD must first go through the digestive system. The hepatic system (the veins that return blood from the digestive system) to the portal system and into the liver, which regulates the blood by filtering toxins, excess sugar, and storing nutrients. However, when consumed this way less of the total CBD in the product is available in your body.

Scotch Valley Ranch’s CBD Hemp Flower

At Scotch Valley Ranch we hand harvest, dry and trim the CBD hemp flower into its purest form for use in tea, pre-rolls and DIY tinctures, salves, ointments, and edibles.

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